Feb 03

La investigación de la fuerza y la amplitud de movimiento Complejo de la cadera en atletas de hockey sobre hielo / Investigating Strength and Range of Motion of the Hip Complex in Ice Hockey Athletes

Fuente
Este artículo es originalmente publicado en:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25611955
http://journals.humankinetics.com/jsr-in-press/jsr-in-press/investigating-strength-and-range-of-motion-of-the-hip-complex-in-ice-hockey-athletes
De:
Wilcox CR1, Osgood CT, White HS, Vince RV.
J Sport Rehabil. 2015 Jan 22. [Epub ahead of print]

Todos los derechos reservados para:
2014 Human Kinetics, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Abstract

CONTEXT:
Ice hockey athletes frequently injure the hip complex via a non-contact mechanism. We investigated patterns of strength and range of motion (ROM) to establish major differences compared to soccer athletes. Soccer athletes were compared to ice hockey athletes due to similarities between the two sports with regards to the intermittent nature and high number of lower limb injuries.
 
OBJECTIVE:
To compare the differences in ROM and strength of the hip for both the dominant (Dom) and non-dominant (Ndom) limb in ice hockey and soccer athletes.


DESIGN:
Case control study.
 

SETTING:
Bilateral ROM in hip flexion in sitting (FS) and lying (FL), extension, abduction, adduction, and internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER) was measured using a goniometer and assessed for strength using a hand held dynamometer on both the Dom and Ndom limbs. Participants. Twenty four male, active, uninjured NCAA division III ice hockey (16) and soccer (8) athletes.
 

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:
ROM and strength for hip FS, FL extension, abduction, adduction, IR and ER. A mixed model ANOVA was used to investigate interactions and main effects.
 

RESULTS:
Ice hockey athletes exhibited greater hip adduction ROM compared to soccer athletes in the Dom leg (both p=0.002) and when both limbs were combined (p = 0.010). Ice hockey athletes had less ROM in ER (p = 0.042) than soccer athletes. Ice hockey athletes displayed less strength in adduction in their Ndom leg compared to their Dom leg (p=0.02) along with less adduction than soccer players in their Ndom leg (p=0.40). Ice hockey athletes displayed less strength in hip adduction (p=0.030), FS (p=0.023) and FL (p=0.030) than soccer athletes.
 

CONCLUSIONS:
Our findings suggest that ice hockey athletes may present an ‘at risk’ profile for non-contact hip injuries, in comparison with soccer athletes with regards to strength and ROM of the hip.

Resumen
 
CONTEXTO:
Atletas de hockey sobre hielo con frecuencia dañan el complejo de cadera a través de un mecanismo sin contacto. Se investigaron los patrones de fuerza y rango de movimiento (ROM) para establecer las principales diferencias en comparación con los atletas de fútbol. Atletas del fútbol se compararon con los atletas de hockey sobre hielo debido a las similitudes entre los dos deportes con respecto a la naturaleza intermitente y el alto número de lesiones en los miembros inferiores.
 

OBJETIVO:
Para comparar las diferencias en la ROM y la fuerza de la cadera, tanto para el dominante (Dom) y no dominante (ndom) extremidad en hockey sobre hielo y atletas de fútbol.
 

DISEÑO:
Estudio de casos y controles.
 

ESCENARIO:
ROM bilateral en flexión de la cadera en la sesión (FS) y acostado (FL), extensión, abducción, aducción y rotación interna (IR) y la rotación externa (ER) se midió utilizando un goniómetro y evaluado para la fuerza con una mano un dinamómetro ambos las extremidades Dom y NDOM. Participantes. Veinticuatro masculino, activo, ileso NCAA División III de hockey sobre hielo (16) y fútbol (8) atletas.
 

Medida de resultado principal:
ROM y fuerza para FS cadera, FL extensión, abducción, aducción, IR y ER. Un modelo mixto ANOVA se utilizó para investigar las interacciones y efectos principales.
 

RESULTADOS:
Atletas de hockey sobre hielo mostraron mayor ROM aducción de la cadera en comparación con los atletas de fútbol de la pierna Dom (ambos p = 0,002) y cuando se combinaron ambas extremidades (p = 0,010). Atletas de hockey sobre hielo tenían menos ROM en ER (p = 0,042) que los atletas de fútbol. Atletas de hockey sobre hielo muestran menos fuerza en aducción en la pierna ndom en comparación con su pierna Dom (p = 0,02) y el menor uso de aducción de jugadores de fútbol de su pierna ndom (p = 0,40). Atletas de hockey sobre hielo muestran menos fuerza en la aducción de la cadera (p = 0,030), FS (p = 0,023) y FL (p = 0,030) que los atletas de fútbol.
 

CONCLUSIONES:
Nuestros hallazgos sugieren que los atletas de hockey sobre hielo pueden presentar un perfil “de riesgo” para las lesiones de cadera sin contacto, en comparación con los atletas de fútbol con respecto a la fuerza y la ROM de la cadera.

PMID: 25611955 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

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